Palestine – Mountains And Molehills
By: David Singer
Judging by the fuss and flurry over the past week you would think that the world was in meltdown unless a resolution was found to finalizing claims of sovereignty by Jews and Arabs to a piece of land 280 square kilometers in area (equal to just 5% of the size of Delaware) – forming part of the 5640 square kilometer territory called the â€œWest Bankâ€œ.
Everyone involved needs to take a deep breath, calm down and review where this dispute is now at and put it in its proper perspective in the light of the events of the last seven days.
Continuing Palestinian Authority intransigence to concede even one square kilometre of this territory to Israel led to a breakdown in negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority 12 months ago. Since then there have been large changes in the political landscape including the invasion of Gaza by Israel, the election of a new Government in Israel, the publication of the Goldstone Report and the continuing unresolved division of governance in the West Bank and Gaza between Fatah and Hamas.
The West Bank holds deep emotional and religious ties for the Jews – since it is the biblical heartland of the Jewish people – and is part of the territory within which the Jewish National Home was to be reconstituted under the League of Nations Mandate for Palestine and Article 80 of the United Nations Charter.
430000 Jews also happen to live in these 280 square kilometers pursuant to legal rights conferred on them by the Mandate for Palestine and the UN Charter. Israel also considers retention of this area to be absolutely essential for its security because of its strategic location.
Security Council Resolution 242 predicated that an area of the West Bank would be retained under Israelâ€™s sovereignty as part of its secure and recognized borders in any negotiations.
In a fit of pique the Palestinian Authority has now refused to resume negotiations with Israel – ostensibly because Israel refuses to stop building houses and public buildings in the cities and population centers in the West Bank already designated and established for Jewish development – the so-called â€œsettlementsâ€œ.
For the Arabs, their interest in continuing to reject Israelâ€™s claim to this 280 square kilometers is directed at driving out its Jewish residents and reducing the security of Israel in pursuit of a policy aimed at eventually destroying Israel by creating yet another Arab state – the 22nd – in the world.
The President of the Palestinian Authority – Mahmoud Abbas – threatened this week not to stand for President at the next elections supposedly to be held in January. Such elections are unlikely since his political opponent – Hamas – has the power to stymie the elections and has indicated it will do so.
Abbas is presently holding on to power illegitimately since his term expired last January. The vacancy caused should have been filled by the Speaker of the Palestinian Legislative Council – Aziz Dweik – but Mr Abbas refuses to yield.
Notwithstanding his political impotence – Mr Abbas hoped his threatened resignation would bring forth cries to rethink his resignation because a Hamas nominee might become President.
Some in Israel rose to the bait.
Israelâ€™s ceremonial President Shimon Peres and the failed politician Yossi Beilin headed the Israeli chorus calling on Abbas to recant.
Peres recalled that along with Rabin, he and Abbas were among signatories to the 1993 Oslo peace accord and he appealed to Abbas by name not to quit.
“We both signed the Oslo agreement, I turn to you as a colleague, don’t let go.”
Beilin told the Lebanon Daily Star:
â€œThe resignation threat presents a real danger because there is no other Palestinian leader on the horizon who can enjoy the same international prestige and try to lead his public to an agreement with Israel. If Abbas tells US President Barack Obama he is considering resigning, the American leader should not consider this an empty threat. It would constitute a blow to his administrationâ€™s regional policies, following long months of wasted time and empty maneuvers.â€
Apparently President Obama was unmoved by such pleas as his Secretary of State reportedly accepted Mr Abbasâ€™s resignation. Abbas had clearly lost the poker game on this score.
Abbas will now no doubt try to hold on to the reins of power in the absence of any elections. However he is a spent force incapable of delivering anything he signs or agrees to.
Statements and contradicting statements were also made by various Arab spokesmen during the week threatening to dismantle the Palestinian Authority. This was yet another attempt to pressure Israel to stop all building activity in the â€œsettlementsâ€œ as the price for the resumption of negotiations.
As a tactic it could not possibly work. Israel had already made concessions in this area that Secretary of State Clinton had acknowledged to be â€œunprecedentedâ€ .
In a November 4 interview with Jackie Northam of National Public Radio Clinton said:
â€œWhat is so clear is that once borders are decided, the settlement issue goes away. The Israelis build whatever they want in their territory, the Palestinians build whatever they want in theirs,â€
America had again spoken to clear the air in an attempt to make Abbas see sense and resolve the issue of borders without delay. Her advice seems certain to be ignored. He is in no position to concede any land without bringing the wrath of Hamas on him.
Just in case Abbas was not listening to Clinton – President Obama had the following to say in a taped video played at the Rabin Memorial Commemoration on 8 November:
â€œPalestinian dreams of statehood will be deferred unless Israelis are assured of their own safety and securityâ€
The abject surrender of control in Gaza to Hamas has destroyed the credibility and effectiveness of the Palestinian Authority to govern any area of the West Bank in a way that could possibly meet Israel’s security requirements.
There is only one Arab State that can possibly do that – Jordan – the last Arab state to occupy the West Bank from 1948-1967 – and with whom Israel has a signed peace treaty that has stood the test of time and many pressures faced by both countries since the treaty was signed in 1994.
A trial balloon was also floated this week suggesting Palestinian Authority Prime Minister Fayyad was seeking a new Security Council resolution to replace Resolution 242 in a bid to win the international community’s support for the borders of a Palestinian state. The move was said to be designed to bring stronger pressure on Israel to withdraw from the West Bank.
This idea is doomed to failure in the Security Council.
All the Arab huff and puff of the past week should be viewed as failed and desperate attempts by the Palestinian Authority to make mountains out of molehills so as to avoid making decisions on borders and to try and shore up support for its rapid decline in political influence.
The Authority and Abbas have jumped head first into the abyss leaving Israel with no reliable or credible negotiating partner. They should both be replaced by Jordan as Israelâ€˜s Arab partner for negotiations on the future sovereignty of the West Bank.
Until this change occurs President Obama should turn his attention and efforts to resolving the really serious problems that presently confront him – Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, climate change, his own domestic economy, universal health care and terrorism within the military.
Leave the Arabs and Jews alone to first sort out this minimalist territorial issue over a sliver of land.
The agreement on borders still remains the first mountain to be climbed by Arab negotiators. There are others to follow but if this – the easiest to climb – cannot be achieved then it is pointless trying to scale the much higher peaks – refugees, water,Jerusalem, demilitarization – that still remain to be conquered.