James Madison’s Original Tenth Amendment
By: J.J. Jackson
James Madison’s Proposal for the Tenth Amendment:
“The powers delegated by this constitution are appropriated to the departments to which they are respectively distributed: so that the legislative department shall never exercise the powers vested in the executive or judicial nor the executive exercise the powers vested in the legislative or judicial, nor the judicial exercise the powers vested in the legislative or executive departments.
The powers not delegated by this constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively.” (James Madison’s proposal for a Bill of Rights)